Virus Evolution aims to serve the community of virologists, evolutionary biologists and ecologists who are interested in the genetic diversity and evolution of non-cellular forms of life. Virus Evolution’s scope is broad and the journal welcomes studies of any virus, phage or viroid in any host species, whether pathogenic or not. Investigations that are solely empirical, purely theoretical, or a combination of the two, are equally encouraged. Research topics are divided for convenience into four sections, outlined below. Please note that this list is not exhaustive and submissions on other topics are also welcome.
1. Long-term virus evolution; virus taxonomy; host-virus co-evolution and co-phylogeny; paleovirology and endogenous viruses; origins of viruses; viral speciation and macroevolution; evolution of viral genes and genome structure.
2. Virus evolutionary dynamics; experimental evolution of viruses; virus population genetics; evolutionary theory; viral robustness and evolvability; virus life history evolution; mutation rates and lethal mutagenesis; phage therapy; virulence evolution.
3. Viral molecular epidemiology; inferring virus transmission using genetic data; phylodynamics; genetic diversity of virus populations; cross-species transmission; viral forensic genetics; evolution and spread of drug resistance; evolution of immune escape; evolutionary aspects of vaccination; virus evolution within infected hosts.
4. Environmental virology; virus ecology; viral metagenomics; virus discovery; genomic technologies; bioinformatic, phylogenetic and evolutionary methods relevant to viruses; emerging viruses; marine virology; virus microbiomes.
Research Article: Report on important original research relevant to the scope of Virus Evolution, not normally more than 10,000 words.
Review Article: Provide an introduction to, and update on, recent progress in a particular field, which is accessible to a researcher not directly working in that discipline.
Rapid Communications: Short articles, not normally exceeding 5,000 words, presenting timely, original research meriting accelerated publication. Articles submitted as Rapid Communications but which are not deemed urgent enough to justify accelerated publication may still be published as a Research Paper.
Resources: Short articles, not normally exceeding 5,000 words, which introduce and describe new research resources of utility to the field, for example, computer software for evolutionary analysis, online databases, tools for virus classification.
Reflections: Short articles, not normally exceeding 5,000 words, that present novel opinions, perspectives, hypotheses and commentary of current research in the field of virus evolution.
The suggested maximum word counts exclude the Abstract and References.
Virus Evolution has a streamlined process designed to avoid unnecessary work. Please submit your manuscript to the journal’s online submission system. Instructions on how to use the online system can be found here. To contact the editorial office, please email firstname.lastname@example.org.
Manuscripts can be submitted in any common document format that can be easily opened and read by others. A single PDF file is usually reliable. A basic formatting guide is given below.
All article processing fees (APCs) are waived for 2016.
It is imperative that figures submitted are of a high resolution (at least 300dpi and of high image quality). If tables are submitted as non-editable vector files (eg, PDF files) it is vital that they are linked to an editable format, such as a word document or an excel document. Failure to do this will result in the delayed publication of your manuscript. Tables and figures can be placed wherever the authors think is best, but should be large enough to be readable and include a title. Figures should be accompanied by a legend. Footnotes can be added to tables if needed. Try to avoid overcrowding in tables and unnecessary clutter in figures. Please use a common image format for figures in a high resolution of at least 300dpi. Vector files such as PDFs must use standard fonts such as Helvetic or Times New Roman in case they need to be edited.
When formatting your submission it is helpful to ask: Would I enjoy reading and reviewing a manuscript formatted in this way? Some reviewers find it easier to assess manuscripts that use double line spacing.
(i) On the first page please include the title of paper, author names, and the address (including email) of the corresponding author. If there are multiple corresponding authors then nominate one for communication with the editorial office.
(ii) We suggest a maximum length of 350 words for the Abstract. Please avoid reference citations and abbreviations in the Abstract
(iii) Tables and figures can be placed wherever the authors think is best, but should be large enough to be readable and include a title. Figures should be accompanied by a legend. Footnotes can be added to tables where appropriate. Try to avoid overcrowding in tables and unnecessary clutter in figures. Please use a common image format for figures (e.g. pdf, eps, gif, tif, jpg). The initial submission can have figures inline in the text rather provided as separate files, but separate files will be required for production.
(iv) Videos can be published in the online article, with a still image of the video appearing in the print version. Please submit videos in MP4 format. Still images to be used in the print version should attempt to represent the main subject of the video. Any supplementary videos that you do not want to be included in the article itself can be uploaded as supplementary data. All videos should have an accompanying legend.
(v) References and citations can be formatted in any readable style at submission, although authors are responsible for their accuracy.
(vi) In order to meet your funding requirements authors are required to name their funding sources, or state if there are none, before publication. For further information on this process or to find out more about the CHORUS initiative please click here. Acknowledgements and details of funding sources should be included at the end of the text. Please refer to your funding organisations for the correct way to acknowledge their support.
(vii) If your paper reports new genetic sequence data then that must be made available on GenBank, or a similar database. Accession numbers must be provided in the manuscript as a condition of acceptance. Authors are encouraged to submit other relevant data files to Dryad or other similar repositories that provide permanent URLs or accession numbers. Please site the relevant link in your article.
(viii) Please include a statement of data availability after the Acknowledgements section of your article. For example: Data available at doi:10.5061/dryad.XXXX; Data available at GEO Series accession number GSE123456 and Proteome Xchange database PXD1234567; Data available in supplementary material; Data not publically available. Where datasets have a DOI, please cite the data in the text, and place the citation in the reference section. Our data availability policy can be found here.
(ix) Please include at submission all files containing supplementary material.
Lastly, don’t forget to define non-standard abbreviations at the first occurrence, number figures and tables consecutively, and run your manuscript through a spell-checker before submitting.
Upon revision figures should submitted in a high resolution format of at least 300dpi PDF and other vector figures may be submitted provided any text included uses a standard font such as Helvetic or Times New Roman so that it can be easily edited if needed. Figures should be submitted as separate, high-resolution, files.
Supplementary material that is not essential for inclusion in the main text of the manuscript, but would nevertheless benefit the reader, will be placed online by the journal and linked to from the manuscript. The material should not be essential to comprehension of the article, but should be relevant to article content. Supporting material might include more detailed methods, extended data sets/data analysis, or additional figures.We encourage authors to provide a list of accession numbers of all sequences they use in Supplementary Information, whether generated by themselves or others.
We strongly encourage authors to deposit data in a public repository that assigns a permanent URL(DOI) or accession number, rather than uploading datasets as supplementary data.
Supporting material cannot be altered or replaced after the paper has been accepted, and will not be edited. Please ensure that supplementary data is referred to in the main manuscript where necessary, for example as '(see Supplementary material)' or '(see Supplementary Figure 1)'.
Language editing, particularly if English is not your first language, can be used to ensure that the academic content of your paper is fully understood by the journal editors and reviewers. Edited manuscripts will still need to undergo normal peer-review.